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High Jumps:

A General Workout for High Jumpers
Article By: Coach, George Payan

The following recommendations are from an Olympic High Jumper, Doug Nordquist.

High Jump Developing an awareness of the Arch
Article By Peter Brewer
Body awareness in the air is not always an intuitive talent. Many new jumpers have only a raw sense of where the bar is, and do not have any early facility in arching over it, or maintaining a layout position long enough for a clearance. This feel for where the cross bar is, is often delayed by the beginning jumper discomfort at being in the layout position to begin with. This initial paranoia about being backwards and not seeing the mat (which some new jumpers swear is as disconcerting as being upside down) often leads the rookie jumpers to do the single greatest in-air mistake: bringing the chin down to the chest to get a “head's up” orientation in the air.

Squeeze the "J" from the Beginning high Jumpers
Article By Peter Brewer:
One of the hardest problems to correct for beginners is the lack of pit penetration. The jumper is higher than the bar, but fails to carry enough momentum into the pit and comes down on the bar. The leading cause of this flaw is that the beginning jumper instinctively feels comfortable with an approach that brings him or her close to the bar and thus results in a narrow take-off angle (the angle between the direction the body is moving at takeoff and the cross bar). The narrower of this angle the jumper will fail to move past the bar into the pit and the jumper will dislodge the bar even though adequate height may have been achieved. What to do?

An Argument for Fundamentals in the Flop High Jump
Article By Jim Kiefer:
Men's head Coach, Fullerton College

After reviewing several articles on the mechanics and techniques employed in the development of high jumpers, one primary trend became evident. It is not uncommon for writers (especially coaches) who are writing and describing the principles of training for the flop high jump to conclude that the practices of a gifted athlete (his/her behaviors) explain the proper or correct variables and absolutes for everyone participating in the event to model themselves after.

Horizontal Jumps:

Understanding and Coaching Individual Long Jump Components
Article By: Ed Jacoby
It must be remembered that although these objectives are individual, they must be grouped into a whole and they generally are contingent upon each other. When one of these components change, look for the others to change too. A common rule is: If there is a problem with one portion of the jump, it is usually the result of the preceding phase.

Teaching The Triple Jump
Article By Douglas Todd: Director, Cross Country and Track and Field
Mt. San Antonio College (Mt. SAC)
Important to the development of any triple jumper is an understanding of the 'feel' or rhythm of the event. The athlete must clearly understand how the event flows from one segment to the next when done correctly. Because of this need to understand, it becomes crucial that the coach begin instruction with a whole-part-whole teaching philosophy. The novice triple jump athlete must develop the kinesthetic awareness of the whole movement before instruction progresses to the individual parts. Without knowledge of the whole, the individual parts are meaningless.

Sample Long & Triple Jumper's Workout

Article By Ed Luna: UC Riverside Coach, AAF/CIF Instructor
This is a workout sheet that can be printed and used as an outline for Long and Triple jump training.

HORIZONTAL JUMPS, Part I The Basics and Long Jump
Article By Ed Luna: UC Riverside Coach, AAF/CIF Instructor
I will be the first to tell you that never in my dreams did I ever think that I would be sitting in front of a computer writing to my coaching peers about the art of training horizontal jumpers. In my competitive days, I was a thrower and was given the head track job because nobody else wanted it. I was young, energetic, and stupid. During my search for assistant coaches, I was able to cover all areas except the jumps. Being the head coach, I appointed myself; I had to educate myself on these events quickly. I purchased every book, magazine, and video available. I attended every clinic and seminar, and talked to every coach in the Western Hemisphere. Then, I searched our campus for anybody that would listen and who I could persuade to try coming out for the track team.

Article By Ed Luna: UC Riverside Coach, AAF/CIF Instructor
The Triple Jump requires speed, power, rhythm, balance, flexibility, concentration, and body awareness. The triple jump has been referred to as "POWER BALLET."

It is best to start out with the basic movements by having your athletes Hop, then Step, then Jump from a standing start. The take-off foot should be the athlete's strongest leg due to the fact it will be used for the Hop and the Step, or determined by the athlete's preference. The jumper should concentrate on an even rhythm for each landing. The foot strike of the Hop an Step should be flat or full-footed, with the landing leg knee bent slightly in preparation for take-off.

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